One of my projects recently was migrating from a vSphere 5.5 enviroment, running on Widows OS, to vSphere 6.5 running on VCSA.
VMware did a good job with the tools for migrating to VCSA 6.5.
In vSphere 5.5 it was a challenge to replace the self-signed certificates, especially if they where expired…. From 6.0 on VMware introduced certificate managed for the vSphere enviroment. And where the PSC would be the CA for the vSphere enviroment.
With this, you can choose to let vCenter be a subCA in your PKI infrastructure.
You can find enough how-to’s for configuring the VCSA as a subCA. Like here:
I just want to add some Gotcha’s, maybe you think ‘Yeah, of course…. duh….. why don’t you know that…’ well… then that Gotcha’s wasn’t meant for you 🙂
- file access to VCSA
- certificate names
- issuing the subCA certificate on a windows offline root CA
Gotcha 1 – File access to VCSA
At some point you need to download the CSR (certificate request) and copy it in your PKI enviroment. The most common method is to use SCP for file access… but the shell of the VCSA doesn’t support this by default.
This is what you need to do:
- allow SSH and bash access to VCSA
- Login as root into the VCSA with a ssh-client
- access the shell
- change the shell for root to bash shell
>chsh -s “/bin/bash” root
- Run winscp (or any other SCP client) and connect to the VCSA
To change the shell setting back to its original configuration, run
>chsh -s “/bin/appliancesh” root
Gotcha 2 – certificate names
This was a, a-yes-off-course moment…. but it did cost me some headache….
When running the steps to configure the VCSA as a subCA in your PKI, you get a few times the question
Enter proper value for ‘Name’ [Default value : CA] : ……
Make sure you use unique names here. This is the name of a certificate that is going to be generated for you. The certificate manager doesn’t check these settings, and in the end it will make a rollback…. a.k.a. waste of time.
My suggestion is for a naming convention: <hostname>-<file name being configured>
For instance, when your VCSA hostname is: VCSA-01 and your busy with the questions for the vpxd.cfg file, then the value you would enter would be ‘VCSA-01-vpxd’
But you are (off course) free to choose your own. Just make sure that these values are unique.
The certificate manager is asking values for the following files:
- certool.cfg (used to creating the subCA CSR)
Gotcha 3 – issuing the subCA on a windows offline root CA
As a good practise, the CA is installed on a windows server that is not part of the AD domain and normally is powered off.
When requestion a certificate you normaly would use a browser and go to the url <hostname subca>/certsrv. But if this isn’t available on a offline root, you can use the cmd-line.
The cmd is:
> certreq -submit -attrib CertificateTemplate:<name of CA template> <filepath of CSR>
Steps to issue a the subCA certificate
- create the CSR with the certificate-manager in the VCSA
- copy the CSR to the offline root server (see gotcha 1 for scp file access)
- request the certificate with the cmd-line command
- open the certificate authority
- find the requested certificate under ‘pending requests’
- issue the certificate
- export the certificate to a file (export Binary data -> Binary Certificate )
- import the new certificate under local machine in the personal location
- export the imported certificate as a base64 certificate
- export the rootCA certificate as a base64 certificate
- create a chain file by adding first the subCA file content and then the rootCA file content into the chain file
- copy the chain file to the VCSA
- (shutdown the offline root server)