patch vCenter HA 6.7 U1

Maybe you think, we’ll how hard can it be ??
Yes, that was the same question I had. And to be honest… it is not that hard.
But there are some quarks or gotchas.
In this post I’ll explain the route I took for patching a vCenter HA setup.

Why don’t you use the VAMI ?

VAMI stands for ‘ Virtual Appliance Management Infrastructure ‘. It can be accessed via port 5480 like https://<FQDN VMware appliance>:5480 .
The VAMI of a vCenter Appliance (VCSA) has an update section, which you can use to patch the VCSA. This is a nice and easy way for patching the VCSA, but when you have vCenter configured as vCenter HA then this option won’t work. (I know from experience….)
After trying (and failing) I thought, why not read the manual….
VMware has a nice article about patching a vCenter in HA and you can find it here.
I still use the VAMI, but not for patching but for making a backup.

Continue reading “patch vCenter HA 6.7 U1”

My VCAP-DCV 2018 Deploy experience

Yesterday I did the VMware VCAP-DCV 2018 Deploy experience. I dreaded to do the exam because the VMware DCV landscape is a fast landscape. I do have enough experience and expertise, but to know all the tiny details….
To be honest , there was a little fear for failure….
Especially because I heard that you really need all the time (3,5 hours)…. and that the performance of the virtual environment is bad …. And no access to VMware pubs/Docs/KBs and blog sites….
Do I really have it in me to pass this exam ??

But, eventhough I don’t now the score yet ( that could take up to 6 weeks or so)…. I’m quite confident that I passed it.
Why ?
Well… the situations you need to solve are for me common troubleshoot scenarios in a vSphere environment. Yes some questions are tricky… but hey… of course they are, you want to prove that you have advanced knowledge in this area..
I even enjoyed taking the exam.
It just felt as a normal day at the office…

Critics

Yes I do have some critical comments.
It is true, the lab enviroment (same experience as a VMware HOL enviroment), performs poorly. Not sure if it is because the internet connection, the hardware, or just the exam enviroment. But…. it was a while back that I used a 17″ monitor…. (i mean years…. prehistoric period)… but yesterday… yes …. really…. my exam enviroment had a 17″monitor….
Which is challenging.
As you maybe know… the HOL enviroment has a book area where the questions and explanations are shown (right side on the screen)…..
I had to switch often between this area and the console area.
With a normal monitor, you can keep them side by side…
And the performance…. selecting text with the mouse, click delays up to 10 seconds …. which is really annoying, and not helpful for someone who is nervous.

Conclusion

So I have to wait a few weeks for the result.
And even if I failed, I still think that in hindsight I should have taken this exam earlier.
If you have day to day hands on experience with a vSphere datacenter virtualization environment for more then a year, then I my advise would be to consider this exam. Your experience should be like, implementations , troubleshooting, and day-2 operations of a vSphere datacenter environment.
Get some experience with the VMware HOL environment to get used to the lab environment. It is also a great place to practice with certain functionalities without destroying your own production … euh…. test environment.
You can find VMware HOL here.

So fingers crossed (f0r me) and good luck when you want to certify your advance experience with a vSphere environment.

Issue 3 – vmk0 removed when applying host profile

This article is part of a series of articles about issues I encountered during implementation of a vSphere stretched cluster based on vSphere 6.7 U1.
You can find the introduction article here

Issue 3

This issue is irritating, to say at least.
You configured your first ESXi host in a cluster, polished it etc… and created a host profile from this host. And then it should be easy to configure the other hosts. But, when you apply the host profile…. the host disconnects (because of a reboot….)… but never comes back….
What happened ??

What happened is that in the wisdom of the vSphere environment the vCenter instructed the host to delete vmk0… yes the kernel interface that vCenter uses to connect to ESXi (assuming the vSphere host is clean installed and has just one kernel port). Delete it to create vmk0 again…..
But it never gets to that part….
Do you recognize this issue ??

I googled for this issue and found blog posts going back to vSphere 5.1. So it looks like a difference in interpretation of how it should work.

Continue reading “Issue 3 – vmk0 removed when applying host profile”

Set Email notificions on vCenter Alarm definitions

One of the task when configuring a vCenter is to setup the alarm notifications. But to configure 268 alarms by hand…. well it is just a scary task when you do it via the gui / webclient.
In short I created this script that you can find on my github.

The full story

Continue reading “Set Email notificions on vCenter Alarm definitions”

VMware Enhanced Authentication Plugin Not Working

For several versions of vSphere vCenter it is possible to logon with your windows credentials. Making it easier to only tick a box and logon instead of typing your username and password.
This nice and neat trick is done via the VMware Enhanced Authentication Plugin.
The only issue… it does need to work every time, else it is going to be an annoyance.
And , yes, it became an annoyance for me… especially when using Firefox.
So let me give you to possible solutions

Continue reading “VMware Enhanced Authentication Plugin Not Working”

Issue 2 – bypassing the fingerprint cache message when using PLINK

This article is part of a series of articles about issues I encountered during implementation of a vSphere stretched cluster based on vSphere 6.7 U1.
You can find the introduction article here

Issue 2

For some configuration settings I need SSH access to the host.  I use plink.exe to execute instructions through the SSH session. One issue, the first time when you connect with plink you get a message about storing the fingerprint ID in the cache. Normally you would accept this when using putty. But now this is going to be a challenge.
On some other blogs I found the solution. You echo the ‘Y’ which results in storing the ID in the cache.
In my code I now  call plink two times. The first time to accept the fingerprint, the second time to execute the command.
Why two times ? Well, I can’t assume that the fingerprint ID is already known.
The first plink instruction is a simple exit, we only want to check if we can logon.

$credential=get-credential
$plink="d:\plink.exe $hostname -l "+ $credential.username + " -pw " + $credential.getnetworkcredential().password
$command="ls"
invoke-expression ("echo Y | " + $plink +  " -ssh exit")
invoke-expression ($plink + " "+ $command)

Issue 1 – changing root password

This article is part of a series of articles about issues I encountered during implementation of a vSphere stretched cluster based on vSphere 6.7 U1.
You can find the introduction article here

Issue

All the hosts are delivered with 6.5 U2 pre-installed, and they have their own root password. For the implementation we want to have just one general root account password. So after adding all the hosts to the cluster I want to change the root password with powercli. But I tripped over a bug in get-esxcli (thanks to this thread ). The ‘&’ character is not correctly being interpreted when using get-esxli.
The script I wrote checks if the new password contains that character and will kindly ask to change it. After succesfull validation of the password it will apply it to all selected esxi hosts.
I

#-- select one or more hosts
[array]$esxiHosts=get-vmhost | select name | sort | out-gridview -Title "Select one or more ESXi Hosts"-OutputMode Multiple
if ($esxiHosts.count -eq 0) {
write-host "No host(s) selected, will exit." -foregroundcolor yellow
exit
}
#-- ask for root password and validate it agains known bug
Do {
$newCredential = Get-Credential -Username root -Message "Enter the password for the ESXi root account."
$isValid=$true
if ($newCredential.getNetworkCredential().Password -imatch "[\&]") {
$isValid=$false
write-host"Password contains character & which get-esxcli can't handle (bug)..... please consider a different password." -foregroundcolor yellow
}
}
until ($isValid)

#-- change root password for all selected esxi hosts
foreach ($esxiHost in $esxiHosts) {
$esxiHost=get-vmhost -Name -$esxiHost.name
$esxiCli=get-esxcli -v2 -vmhost $esxiHost
$arguments=$esxcli.system.account.set.createArgs()
$arguments.id=$newCredential.UserName
$arguments.password=$newCredential.GetNetworkCredential().password
$arguments.passwordconfirmation=$arguments.password
try {$esxcli.system.account.set.Invoke($arguments)}
catch{write-host "Setting password failed for " $esxiHost.name -ForegroundColor Yellow}
}